PELAKSANAAN URUSAN PEMERINTAHAN UMUM DALAM MEMBINA KERUKUNAN BERAGAMA OLEH PEMERINTAH KOTA BANDUNG

  • Novie Indrawati Sagita Universitas Padjadjaran

Abstract

Abstract


Under Law No. 23 of 2014, mentioned that one of the government's business is general government affairs. The general government affairs is the authority of the president that organized by the head of the region as a leader of  administrative work areas. One of the general  government affairs is fostering inter-ethnic harmony, inter-religious, racial and other groups in order to achieve security and stability of local, regional, and national levels. Since the 2014 presidential elections, many dissatisfied group trying to disrupt the stability of the national government. They blew the issues of intolerance of religious differences, including in the city of Bandung.  At the end of 2016, a Moslem organization intimidate Christians worship activities at Sabuga, Bandung. And then, there was an incident that organization known hacking attack against members of the FPI. Issues of religious difference that spread in the community and intolerant actions can potentially bring social conflict and disintegration.  This study used a qualitative method. The analysis is done by integrating the primary data obtained by observation and interview, mass media, expert opinions, and other sources of relevant literature. Research results indicate that the Government of Bandung City quickly enough in addressing the issue of religious intolerance. The coordination and synergy among regional leaders who joined in ‘Forkopimda’ both in the city level and district level is very good  to anticipate and prevent the symptoms of social conflict. Therefore, it is necessary for the effective working program of ‘Forkopimda’ by forming a task force. The task force is constantly monitoring the situation, security and social order, so when it is known there will be a plan of action that has  potential of social conflict, the local government can overcome early on.

References

Darsono P,. (2010). Budaya Organisasi: Kajian tentang Organisasi, Budaya, Ekonomi, Sosial dan Politik, Jakarta: Nusantara Consulting
Brewer, M.B. & Gaertner, S.L. (2003). Toward Reduction of Prejudice: Intergroup Contact and Social Categorization. In Brown, R. & Gaertner, S. (eds.). Blackwell Handbook of Social Psychology: Intergroup Processes. Oxford : Blackwell Publishing
Condor, S. (2001). Nations and Nationalisms: Particular Cases and Impossible Myths. British Journal of Social Psychology, 40, 177-181.
Crisp, R.J. & Hewstone, M. (2001). Multiple Categorization and Implicit Intergroup Bias; Differential Category Dominance and the Positive-Negative Asymetry Effect. European Journal of Social Psychology, 31, 45-62.
Crisp, R.J., Hewstone, M. & Cairsn, E. (2001). Multiple Identities in Northern Ireland: Hirarchical Ordering in the Presentation of Group Membership. British Journal of Social Psychology, 40, 501-514.
Crisp, R.J., Hewstone, M., Richard, Z. & Paolini, S. (2003). Inclusivenes and Crossed Categorization: Effect on Co-joined Category Evaluations of In-group and Outgroup Primes. British Journal of Social Psychology, 42, 25-38.
Faturochman. (2002). Keadilan: Perspektif Psikologi. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.
Faturochman. (2004). Konflik, Ketidakadilan, dan Identitas. Dinamika Kependudukan dan Kebijakan. Pusat Studi Kependudukan dan Kebijakan, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta.
Fathurochman. (2008). Model-Model Psikologi Kebhinekatunggalikaan dan Penerapannya di Indonesia. Makalah disampaikan pada Temu Ilmiah dan Kongres X HIMPSI, 2008
Hewstone, M., Rubin, M. & Willis, H. (2002). Intergroup Bias. Annual Review of Psychology, 53, 575-604.
Hogg, M.A., Abrams, D., Otten, S. & Hinkle, S. (2004). The Social Identity Perspective: Intergroup Relations, Self-Conception, and Small Groups. Small Group Research, 33(3), 246-276.
Hopkins, N. (2001). National Identity: Pride and Prejudice? British Journal of Social Psychology, 40, 183-186.
Hopkins, N. & Murdock, N. 1999. The Role of the ‘Other’ in National Identity: Exploring the Context-dependence of the National Ingroup Stereotype. Journal of Community and Applied Social Psychology, 9, 321-338.
Liebkind, K. (2003). Acculturation. In Brown, R. & Gaertner, S. (eds.). Blackwell Handbook of Social Psychology: Intergroup Processes. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, Oxford.
Meiser, T. & Hewstone, M. (2001). Crossed Categorization Effects on the Formation of Illusory Correlations. Europen Journal of Social Psychology, 31, 443-466
Mullen, B., Migdal, M.J. & Hewstone, M. (2001). Crossed Categorization Versus Simple Categorization and Intergroup Evaluations: A Meta-Analysis. Europen Journal of Social Psychology, 31, 721-736.
Padilla, A.M. & Perez, W. (2003). Acculturation, Social Identity, and Social Cognition: A New Perspective. Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 25(1), 35-55.
Petigrew, T.F. (1998). Intergroup Contact Theory. Annual Review of Psychology, 49, 65-85.
Rothi, D.M., Lyons, E. & Chryssochoou, X. (2005). National Attachment and Patriotism in a European Nation: A British Study. Political Psychology, 26(1), 135-155.
Sen, A. (2006). Identity and Violence: The Illusion of Destiny. Penguin Books, Ltd., London
Thomson, A. (2001). Nations, National Identities and Human Agency: Putting People Back Into Nations. Sociological Review, 18-32.
Turner, J.C. & Reynolds, K.J. (2003). The Social Identity Perspective in Intergroup Relations: Theories, Themes, and Controversies. In Brown, R. & Gaertner, S. (eds.). Blackwell Handbook of Social Psychology: Intergroup Processes. Oxford : Blackwell Publishing.
Published
2018-06-30
How to Cite
SAGITA, Novie Indrawati. PELAKSANAAN URUSAN PEMERINTAHAN UMUM DALAM MEMBINA KERUKUNAN BERAGAMA OLEH PEMERINTAH KOTA BANDUNG. Penamas, [S.l.], v. 31, n. 1, p. 47-64, june 2018. ISSN 2502-7891. Available at: <http://blajakarta.kemenag.go.id/journal/index.php/penamas/article/view/180>. Date accessed: 14 dec. 2018. doi: https://doi.org/10.31330/penamas.v31i1.180.